CoinShare released its third edition of Bitcoin Mining Report along with Fidelity Center for Applied Technology. It is an expansive piece of research to address one of the most daunting and rather important aspects of Bitcoin, the mining process.
In a game of supply and demand, supply should account for 50% of the price consideration. However, Bitcoin [BTC] is a speculative asset; hence, it’s a little more complicated than that.
Bitcoin Mining is Profitable, and the Network is Growing
The report suggested that the overall hash rate of the network has increased by 25% in 7 months. Hence, the number of nodes and innovation in the space is continually growing. Moreover, this completely contradicts the assumption that Bitcoin mining is a loss-making business. Because if it were, then miners would have been quitting instead of adding to the process.
“Since our last report of November 2018, the hash rate has grown from approximately 40 EH/s to approximately 50 EH/s, an increase of 25%.”
According to the reports, Bitcoin mining with the given hardware and associated cost is still ‘highly profitable.’ The institutes have considered long term cost associated with the mining process by accounting for the depreciation cost of hardware, electricity cost, the marginal cost of production, cooling cost, and other overheads.
The results reveal that the cost of mining 1 Bitcoin in the range of $6800-$5600 approximately with the current miners. It varies for miners around the world, and the miners also switch between new and old machines due to fluctuations in prices, which varies the cost further. Nevertheless, the process was much costlier as projected in the last report in November 2018.
At current Bitcoin prices, it is profitable by 28%. Furthermore, during the quarter of 2019, the process was yielding an equivalent loss as Bitcoin traded in the $4000 range. Hence, while the half-yearly balance seems to have been maintained with the price, the marginal profit is difficult to estimate.
The report suggested that China continues to dominate mining around the world. The percentage dominance of China was estimated at 60%. The mining industry of China is mainly concentrated in the Sichuan region, which provides cheap hydro-electric power and a habitable climate that reduces the cost of cooling.
Some of the other countries involved in the process are predominantly New York, UK, Canada, Sweden, Quebec, Norway, Iceland, Armenia, New Foundland and Labrador, Georgia and Iran. The report also estimated that the entire process is run predominantly by renewable energy.
Moreover, the miners are running huge farms and are in it for the long haul. The news around the mining ban in China seems to have slight to no effect on the process in China. Moreover, it is generating enormous profits for the local government. Furthermore, mining is spread out across the world. Hence, the chances of the network going down due to a Government crackdown as bleak.
Disclaimer: Neither the report, not this article should be considered as investment advice. Moreover, the story is also not authorized, but an attempt to understand the extensive process.
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Nivesh from Engineering Background is a full-time Crypto Analyst at Coingape. He is an atheist who believes in love and cultural diversity. He believes that Cryptocurrency is a necessity to deter corruption. He holds small amounts of cryptocurrencies. Faith and fear are two sides of the same coin. Follow him on Twitter at @nivishoes or mail him at nivesh(at)coingape.com